A guide to choosing skincare
Know your skin type
Understanding your skin type is paramount in deciding the skincare product you choose.
Based on Baumann Skin Type Indicator, there are basically four parameters to consider when assessing skin types. Evaluating all the four parameters would yield 16 potential skin type combinations.
The four parameters in assessing skin type according to the Baumann Skin Type Indicator are
- Oily versus non oily
- Pigmented versus non pigmented
- Wrinkled versus tight
- Sensitive versus resistant
Based on these four parameters, I will briefly describe the common skin types and concerns plaguing Malaysians, as well as delving into the most suitable skincare ingredient for that skin type.
These types of skin are usually plagued with large pores and acne. Overproduction of sebum is one of the major contributing factors to acne and comedones.
Salicylic acid (a type of Beta Hydroxy Acid) is derived from willow bark, sweet birch and wintergreen leaves. It is frequently used to reduce skin lipid production and control acne.
Salicylic acid has also been found to exfoliate skin by removing dead skin cells (keratolytic and comedolytic effects) and possess anti-inflammatory properties.
By targeting the primary etiologic factors for acne Salicylic acid is a powerful ingredient in the arsenal against acne.
Dry skin/Sensitive skin
Dry skin is characterized by dull colour, rough texture and an elevated number of ridges. Levels of stratum corneum lipids, sebum, natural moisturizing factor and aquaporin are considered important factors to regulate skin hydration levels.
Dry skin is also commonly associated with a weak protective skin barrier. Impaired barrier function leads to increased permeation of chemicals, inorganic compounds or protein molecules, initiating inflammation and irritation, causing sensitive skin.
Hyaluronic acid is a type of glycosaminoglycan which can act as a humectant. Hyaluronic acid is naturally occurring in our skin, acting as a lubricant between the collagen and elastic fibres of our dermis.
When applied onto skin, hyaluronic acid attracts water into the epidermis and stratum corneum. The end result is supple, well hydrated skin which is then more resistant to irritants.
For more serious skin conditions such as severe skin dryness, sensitivity or aging skin with loss of elasticity, you may want to consider doing Hyaluronic Acid Skin Booster treatment or Profhilo, an injectable moisturiser that will not only hydrate your skin but give bio revitalisation benefits as well.
This skin parameter does not refer to the skin colour (as per the Fitzpatrick skin classification system), but rather the propensity to develop undesirable hyperpigmentations on the face, chest and arms.
UV radiation is the biggest culprit in causing pigmentation issues, causing harmful effects by initiating a cascade of events resulting in the activation of melanocytes and production of melanin. Therefore the importance of applying protective sunscreen regularly.
The development of unwanted skin pigmentation can be treated and prevented by inhibiting tyrosinase, a key enzyme involved in melanin production.
Arbutin is a depigmenting agent derivative derived from a number of different plant species including bearberry, blueberry and cranberry plant as well as pear trees.
Alpha Arbutin is a potent inhibitor of the tyrosinase enzyme. Studies have shown that a combination of Arbutin and pigmentation laser to be safe and effective for treatment of refractory melasma.
Retinoids are Vitamin A derivatives. They are without doubt one of the best anti-aging skincare ingredient for wrinkled skin. Retinoids work by increasing the making of new collagen. It also stimulates new blood vessels in the skin, giving skin a rosy appearance, fading age spots, and reducing precancerous skin spots called actinic keratosis.
However, retinoid is often associated with causing allergic skin reactions and it is also photosensitizing. Newer formulations such as Retin-A and newer generation retinoid such as Adapalene are milder, but may not have the potency of Isotretinoin.
Dr Bob Remedies Regenerating Cream contains active complex with the benefits of retinol without the unwanted side effects.
If you have more severe wrinkles which are inadequately addressed with skincare, you may want to consider doing dermal filler injections or non-surgical skin tightening procedures to replenish loss volume and stimulate collagen production.
Dr Bob Remedies
Dr Bob Remedies is a range of skincare that has been curated to cater for various skin types. Whatever your skin type and concern, rest assured that Dr Bob Remedies has a skincare product that will address it.
Gentle cleanser cleanses without irritation (no SLS and SLES). High concentration of oleic acid and lecithin improves lipid barrier of skin, preventing transepidermal water loss.
Suitable for people suffering from intolerance to traditional cleansing products.
Arbutin, Vitamin C and Niacinamide Cream
Arbutin is an extract of the Bearberry Plant. Inhibits Tyrosinase activity and blocks melanin production.
Vitamin C interacts with copper ions at the tyrosinase-active site and inhibits action of the enzyme tyrosinase, thereby decreasing the melanin formation. Vitamin C also acts on the perifollicular pigment.
Niacinamide is the active form of vitamin B3 (niacin or nicotinic acid). Niacinamide is a proven treatment for dark spots, discolourations, brown patches and melasma.
A light textured sunscreen with Zinc Oxide and Octinoxate.
Contains Niacinamide and Hyaluronic acid to promote the appearance of healthy looking skin.
Suitable to be applied daily as a barrier beneath make-up.
Active complex ingredient with retinol effects activates repair processes ensuring multi dimensional regeneration of the skin. Stimulates intracellular oxygenation process. Reactivates vital functions of cells.
Formulated with Triethyl Citrate, Ethyl Linoleate, Salicylic Acid and GT-Peptide-10, this anti-seborrhea cream can effectively counteract the presence of comedones, papules and pustules. Bolstered with Hyaluronic acid, it provides hydration to the skin, increasing smoothness and suppleness.
Soothing Hyaluronic acid based moisturising serum that is designed to enhance hydration.
Vitamin B3 and B5 help to revitalize and renew uneven skin tone.
100% Pure Hyaluronic Serum
Hydrating facial moisturizer with 100 percent pure hyaluronic acid serum formula. Proven anti-aging skincare properties fill-in and diminish the look of fine lines and wrinkles. Suitable for mature, dry and sensitive skin.